Treatment of chronic lead toxicity with succimer a case series of 2 adults with retained lead shotgun fragments

Rachel M. Cyrus, Scott C. Woller*, Mark H. Stevens, Mary R. Pugh, Scott M. Stevens, Corwin Q. Edwards

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few recommendations exist for management of chronic lead toxicity in instances when the source of lead exposure cannot be removed. Cases: We describe 2 patients who had shotgun wounds resulting in multiple retained lead pellets. They developed elevated blood lead levels and were treated with 2 weeks of high-dose oral succimer before being placed on maintenance oral succimer therapy with the goal of sustaining suppressed lead levels. Discussion: Retained lead pellets have been associated with increasing blood lead levels over time. Chronic lead toxicity can cause significant morbidity. Few treatments for lead toxicity are available, and there is scarce data on maintenance therapy for patients who have large numbers of retained shotgun pellets. Conclusions: This case series documents 2 patients who continue on maintenance oral chelation therapy with succimer in an effort to prevent the sequelae of chronic lead toxicity by maintaining blood lead levels less than 20 μg/dL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-238
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Blood lead level
  • Lead toxicity
  • Retained lead pellets
  • Shotgun blast
  • Succimer therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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