Treatment of forehead/glabellar rhytide complex with combination botulinum toxin a and hyaluronic acid versus botulinum toxin a injection alone: A split-face, rater-blinded, randomized control trial

Meghan Dubina, Rebecca Tung, Diana Bolotin, Anne M. Mahoney, Bailey Tayebi, Mauricio Sato, Fabiane Mulinari-Brenner, Trevor Jones, Dennis P. West, Emily Poon, Michael Nodzenski, Murad Alam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Forehead and glabella rhytides are treated mostly with neurotoxins, although some practitioners prefer the concurrent use of fillers. It has been suggested that combination treatments can result in a better overall improvement. Aims: To compare the safety and effectiveness of treatment of forehead and glabellar lines with botulinum toxin A alone versus botulinum toxin A and filler. Methods: Split-face, randomized control trial. Twenty subjects with forehead/glabellar rhytide complex (static and dynamic creases) enrolled. Subjects were randomized and injected with botulinum toxin alone on one side of the forehead/glabella and hyaluronic acid filler followed by botulinum toxin on the other side. Blinded ratings were obtained to assess the effectiveness of treatment for static and dynamic rhytides, respectively, at 2-week, 6-week, 3-month, and 6-month follow-up visits. Subjects performed a self-evaluation at the end of the study. Adverse events were recorded. Results: Ratings of both treatments showed comparable efficacy, with 100% of subjects experiencing improvement from baseline regardless of treatment type at weeks 2, 6, and 12. Combination treatment produced longer-lasting results in dynamic forehead wrinkles, and greater static and dynamic wrinkle reduction in the glabella at week 24. Subject self-evaluations showed that both treatments were effective, with a nominal preference for combination treatment. Conclusions: Glabella and forehead lines can be effectively and safely reduced with neurotoxin alone as well as neurotoxin in combination with fillers. Combination treatment may provide a slightly better cumulative benefit and also increase the persistence of effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Botulinum toxin
  • Dermal filler
  • Facial lines
  • Filler
  • Glabellar lines
  • Rhytides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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