Treatment of Functional Movement Disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional movement disorders (FMD) are commonly seen in neurologic practice and frequent sources of disability. Patients may present with tremor, weakness, dystonia, jerking movements, abnormal gait and speech, often combining several movement phenomenologies. Associated symptoms include chronic pain, depression, and anxiety. Treatment of FMD begins with an explanation of the diagnosis and needs to be tailored to patients’ symptoms and comorbidities. There may be benefit from multidisciplinary treatment, including physical, occupational, and speech therapy, as well as psychotherapeutic interventions, especially cognitive behavior therapy. The role for neuromodulation such as transmagnetic stimulation in FMD treatment requires further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-480
Number of pages12
JournalNeurologic clinics
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Cognitive behavior therapy
  • Conversion disorder
  • Multidisciplinary treatment
  • Psychogenic movement disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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