Seventy-three patients with metastatic high-risk gestational trophoblastic disease were treated with methotrexate, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy at the Brewer Trophoblastic Disease Center between 1968 and 1982. Forty-six patients were treated primarily with methotrexate, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide because of the presence of one or more high-risk factors. Twenty-seven additional patients who had not responded to initial singleagent chemotherapy with methotrexate and/or actinomycin D were subsequently treated with methotrexate, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide. Adjuvant surgery and radiotherapy were used in selected patients. The overall cure rate was 51% (37 of 73): 63% (29 of 46) for primary treatment and 30% (eight of 27) for secondary treatment (P<.01). Several factors that influenced response to primary treatment with methotrexate, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy were determined: 1) clinicopathologic diagnosis of choriocarcinoma versus invasive mole (59 versus 100%), 2) metastases to sites other than the lung and/or vagina (44 versus 74%), 3) antecedent term gestation compared with hydatidiform mole or abortion (50 versus 75%), and 4) presence of three or more high-risk factors (27 versus 74%). There were no significant differences in cure rates during the course of the study period.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology