Trends in humanitarian health information during the 2010 Haiti earthquake: Motivation for curating domain knowledge bases

Jennifer L. Chan, Allison G. Marshall, Gabriel Nam, Hemant Purohit

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Health response plays a major role during disasters and information management plays a crucial role in situational awareness to adapt to evolving needs. Health organizations exchange information often through narrative-based documents called situation reports. Although situation reports are widely shared, they are an increasingly challenging information source from which to infer knowledge for situational awareness. This paper analyzed health information from traditional health reports using mixed methods during the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake and provides insights into the patterns of what's being said, how it's being said, and trends over time. Opportunities lie ahead to analyze narrative documents at scale by combining human knowledge from qualitative coding with machine intelligence. In addition, developing unifying health domain ontologies representing diverse humanitarian health concepts will advance computational techniques to improve the efficiency and accuracy of retrieving knowledge for improved situational awareness and potential decision making during humanitarian health response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISCRAM 2019 - Proceedings
Subtitle of host publication16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
EditorsZeno Franco, Jose J. Gonzalez, Jose H. Canos
PublisherInformation Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM
Pages1057-1069
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9788409104987
StatePublished - 2019
Event16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2019 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: May 19 2019May 22 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International ISCRAM Conference
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Electronic)2411-3387

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2019
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period5/19/195/22/19

Keywords

  • Curation
  • Health information
  • Information management
  • Knowledge bases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Chan, J. L., Marshall, A. G., Nam, G., & Purohit, H. (2019). Trends in humanitarian health information during the 2010 Haiti earthquake: Motivation for curating domain knowledge bases. In Z. Franco, J. J. Gonzalez, & J. H. Canos (Eds.), ISCRAM 2019 - Proceedings: 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 1057-1069). (Proceedings of the International ISCRAM Conference; Vol. 2019-May). Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM.