Trends in one-year recurrent ischemic stroke among the elderly in the USA: 1994-2002

Norrina B. Allen, Theodore R. Holford, Michael B. Bracken, Larry B. Goldstein, George Howard, Yun Wang, Judith H. Lichtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Of the 795,000 strokes occurring in the USA each year, over 20% are recurrent events. Little is known about how the rates of recurrent stroke in the country have changed over time. Our objective was to determine national trends in 1-year recurrent ischemic stroke rates by US county among the elderly from 1994 to 2002. Methods: One-year recurrent stroke rates following incident ischemic stroke (ICD-9 433, 434, 436) among all fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries were determined by US county for 1994-1996, 1997-1999, and 2000-2002. Bayesian spatiotemporal Poisson modeling was used to determine county-specific trends in recurrent stroke rates over time with risk adjustment for demographics, medical history and comorbid conditions. Results: The analysis included more than 2.5 million beneficiaries (56% women; mean age: 78 years; 87% white; n = 957,933 for 1994-1996; n = 838,330 for 1996-1999; n = 895,916 for 2000-2002) aggregated to all 3,118 US counties. After adjustment for changing patient demographics and comorbidities, there was a 4.5% decrease in recurrent stroke rates from 1994-1996 (13.2%) to 2000-2002 (12.6%; p for trend <0.0001). The geographic and temporal patterns were not uniform; the recurrent stroke rates decreased within sections of the Southeast (the 'stroke belt'), but increased in counties in the middle and western sections of the USA. Conclusions: The overall recurrent ischemic stroke rates declined by almost 5% from 1994 to 2002, but temporal patterns varied markedly by region. Additional research is needed to identify the reasons for this geographic disparity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-532
Number of pages8
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Acute ischemic stroke
  • Geographic pattern
  • Recurrent stroke
  • Time trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Trends in one-year recurrent ischemic stroke among the elderly in the USA: 1994-2002'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this