Trends in Place of Death for Cardiovascular Mortality Related to Heart Failure in the United States From 2003 to 2017

Sarah Chuzi, Rebecca Molsberry, Adeboye Ogunseitan, Haider J. Warraich, Jane E. Wilcox, Kathleen L. Grady, Clyde W. Yancy, Sadiya S. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The location of death is an important component of end-of-life care. However, contemporary trends in the location of death for cardiovascular deaths related to heart failure (CV-HF) and comparison to cancer deaths have not been fully examined. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Control Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database between 2003 and 2017 to identify location of death for CV-HF and cancer deaths. The proportions of deaths that occurred in a hospice facility, home, and medical facility were tested for trends using linear regression. Odds ratios were calculated to determine the odds of death occurring in a hospice facility or home (versus a medical facility) stratified by sex and race. RESULTS: We identified 2 940 920 CV-HF and 8 852 066 cancer deaths. Increases were noted in the proportion of CV-HF deaths in hospice facilities (0.2% to 8.2%; Ptrend<0.001) and at home (20.6% to 30.7%; Ptrend<0.001), whereas decreases were noted in the proportion of deaths in medical facilities (44.5% to 31.0%; Ptrend<0.001) and nursing homes (30.8% to 25.7%; Ptrend<0.001). The odds of dying in a hospice facility (odds ratio, 1.79 [1.75-1.82]) or at home (odds ratio, 1.55 [1.53-1.56]) versus a medical facility was higher for whites versus blacks. The rate of increase in proportion of deaths in hospice facilities was higher for cancer deaths (β=1.05 [95% CI, 0.97-1.12]) than for CV-HF deaths (β=0.61 [95% CI, 0.58-0.64]). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of CV-HF deaths occurring in hospice facilities is increasing but remains low. Disparities are noted whereby whites are more likely to die in hospice facilities or at home versus medical facilities compared with blacks. More research is needed to determine end-of-life preferences for patients with HF and identify the basis for these differences in location of death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e006587
JournalCirculation. Heart failure
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020


  • cardiovascular disease
  • heart failure
  • hospices
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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