Triaxial composite model for basic creep of concrete

S. Baweja, G. J. Dvorak, A. Fellow, Zdeněk P. Baǐant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper shows how the mechanics of elastic composite materials can be adapted to predict the basic creep of concrete with aging due to hydration. The prediction is made on the basis of the given composition of concrete, the elastic constants of the aggregate, and the aging viscoelastic properties of the portland cement mortar. The triaxial action of the composite is approximated by Dvorak's transformation field analysis. To convert the aging creep problem to an elastic problem of a composite material with inelastic strains, Granger and Bazant's approach is used. This approach relies on Bazant's age-adjusted effective modulus method that reduces the integral-type stress-strain relation for linear aging creep with nonconvolution kernel to a quasi-elastic incremental stress-strain relation with inelastic incremental strain. Explicit expressions for the aging creep properties of concrete as a composite are deduced. The model is calibrated and verified by Ward et al.'s and Counto's test data. The predictions obtained are almost as close as those recently obtained by Granger and Bazant's model. While the present model has the advantage of describing the triaxial composite action in a rational manner, it does not yet capture the effect of the deviation of the aggregate configuration from the case of a contiguous aggregate skeleton of maximum possible compactness. Further refinements in this respect are needed. Another refinement might be needed to take into account possible enhancement of creep in the interface layers between the mortar and the aggregate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-965
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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