Tricuspid valve disease prevalence and the impact of tricuspid valve surgery on cardiovascular events and hospital resource use in medicare beneficiaries

Sreekanth Vemulapalli*, Matthew S.D. Kerr, Gregory J. Roberts, Julie B. Prillinger, Christopher U. Meduri, Patrick McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tricuspid valve disease (TVD) is presumed common, however, little is known about its prevalence or the impact of tricuspid valve surgery (TVS) on healthcare resource use. Methods: To describe the prevalence of TVD and assess the impact of TVS on resource utilization, Medicare Fee-For-Service beneficiaries from 2011 –2019 were assessed for the prevalence of non-rheumatic TVD. Hospital costs and rates of all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and heart failure (HF) hospitalizations were compared in the 3 months pre TVS to acute (0-3 months) and chronic (3 –12 months) post TVS periods. Results: Among 80.3 million beneficiaries from 2011 – 2019 Q1, over 700,000 (0.9%) had non-rheumatic TVD with 1.4% undergoing TVS. Thirty-day and 1 year mortality after TVS was 5.5% to15.5%. Compared with pre-surgery, CV and HF hospitalizations decreased from 0.12 to 0.08 per patient-month (P <.001), and 0.06 to 0.04 (P <.001) acutely. All-cause hospitalizations increased from 0.18 per patient-month to 0.23 per patient-month acutely post-surgery (P <.001), before decreasing to 0.09 per patient-month chronically (P <.001). Hospital costs increased from $2,174 per patient-month to $4,171 per patient-month acutely (P < .001), before falling to $1,441 per patient-month (P < .001) chronically. Lower costs for HF and CV hospitalization in both acute (P = .028 and P < .001, respectively) and chronic (P < .001 for both) periods were observed. Conclusions: TVS is associated with reduced CV and HF hospitalizations and associated hospital costs. Future work should determine whether transcatheter tricuspid valve repair offers similar or additional benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-109
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume245
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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