Trimethyllysine and protein function. Effect of methylation and mutagenesis of lysine 115 of calmodulin on NAD kinase activation

D. M. Roberts, P. M. Rowe, F. L. Siegel, T. J. Lukas, D. M. Watterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unmethylated calmodulins have been enzymatically methylated at lysine 115, and a direct effect of this methylation on NAD kinase activation has been shown. Similar to naturally occurring calmodulins with trimethyllysine 115, the enzymatically methylated calmodulins activated an NAD kinase preparation to a maximal level that was at least 3-fold lower than the level of activation obtained with the corresponding unmethylated calmodulins. Methylation did not alter the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase activator properties of these calmodulins. A genetically engineered calmodulin containing an arginine at position 115 instead of lysine was produced by site-specific mutagenesis of a cloned synthetic calmodulin gene. The arginine derivative retained the higher maximal NAD kinase activator properties of the unmethylated calmodulins but was no longer susceptible to the effects of the methyltransferase. The data indicate that the reduction in the level of of NAD kinase activation is the direct result of trimethylation of lysine 115 of calmodulin, provide, a precedent for a functional effect of trimethyllysine in a protein, and raise the possibility that some of calmodulin's physiological activities may be affected by lysine methylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1494
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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