Trimodality Treatment for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: An Institutional Experience

Praneet Polineni, Laura Ashack, John Kalapurakal, Alicia Morgans, David VanderWeele, Shilajit Kundu, Maha Hussain, Joshua Meeks, Sean Sachdev*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: As an alternative to radical cystectomy, tri-modality treatment (TMT) is an effective treatment approach for selected patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). The purpose of this report is to contribute to the literature by summarizing institutional outcomes of a bladder-preserving TMT approach for patients with MIBC. Methods and Materials: Patients treated with TMT for MIBC from 1998 to 2019 were identified. Patient, disease, and treatment factors were recorded. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and bladder-preserved DFS were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were evaluated with Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: Thirty-two patients treated with TMT to a median dose of 64.8 Gy for T2 (78%), T3 (19%), and T4 (3%) disease were followed for a median of 19 months (mean, 36; range, 6-213); 31% had associated carcinoma in situ; 25% had associated hydronephrosis. Cisplatin was the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agent. OS rates were 84% at 1 year and 61% at 5 years. DFS rates were 84% and 61% and bladder-preserved DFS rates were 84% and 60% at 1 year and 5 years, respectively. Salvage cystectomy rates at 1 year and 5 years were 4% and 9%, respectively. Four patients had locally invasive recurrences at 8, 11, 34, and 37 months after initial MIBC diagnosis, 2 of whom underwent salvage radical cystectomy. Ten (31%) patients developed distant disease at a median of 13 months after diagnosis. Unlike local recurrence, distant recurrences were associated with worse OS and hazard ratios of 3.4 (P = 0.039). Conclusions: OS and DFS were comparable to those of published data. Our outcomes support TMT as an effective option for carefully selected patients with MIBC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100718
JournalAdvances in Radiation Oncology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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