T2-weighted balanced SSFP imaging (T2-TIDE) using variable flip angles

Dominik Paul*, Michael Markl, Hans Peter Fautz, Jürgen Hennig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


A new technique for acquiring T2-weighted, balanced steady-state free precession (b-SSFP) images is presented. Based on the recently proposed transition into driven equilibrium (TIDE) method, T2-TIDE uses a special flip angle scheme to achieve T2-weighted signal decay during the transient phase. In combination with half-Fourier image acquisition, T 2-weighted images can be obtained using T2-TIDE. Numerical simulations were performed to analyze the signal behavior of T2-TIDE in comparison with TSE and b-SSFP. The results indicate identical signal evolution of T2-TIDE and TSE during the transient phase. T 2-TIDE was used in phantom experiments, and quantitative ROI analysis shows a linear relationship between TSE and T2-TIDE SNR values. T2-TIDE was also applied to abdominal and head imaging on healthy volunteers. The resulting images were analyzed quantitatively and compared with standard T2-weighted and standard b-SSFP methods. T2-TIDE images clearly revealed T2 contrast and less blurring compared to T2-HASTE images. In combination with a magnetization preparation technique, STIR-weighted images were obtained. T2-TIDE is a robust technique for acquiring T2-weighted images while exploiting the advantages of b-SSFP imaging, such as high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and short TRs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-93
Number of pages12
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • Steady-state free precession (SSFP)
  • T-weighting
  • TIDE
  • TrueFISP
  • Variable flip angles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'T2-weighted balanced SSFP imaging (T2-TIDE) using variable flip angles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this