Tuberculosis chemotherapy practices in major metropolitan health departments in the United States

A. R. Leff, D. R. Leff, A. Brewin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Twenty-eight metropolitan health departments in the United States reporting more than 200 cases of tuberculosis annually were surveyed to determine the standard of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Twenty-seven departments responded adequately for inclusion in this report. All programs used Mantoux skin tests with 5 TU of PPD-T, and only 3 programs ever used any other skin test. In contrast, only 26% of the programs followed the American Thoracic Society recommendation to collect 4 to 6 sputum samples in evaluating the bacteriologic status of patients suspected of pulmonary tuberculosis. Forty-five per cent of the programs continued to follow some or all patients after completion of the designated course of antituberculosis chemotherapy. Two drug regimens (isoniazid with ethambutol or with rifampin) were used most frequently in the initial treatment. No program used parenteral agents in more than 11% of patients receiving initial treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. Short-course chemotherapy regimens (6 to 9 months) and intermittent regimens (twice weekly) were used by only 41% of the programs; neither type of regimen was used for more than 10% of patients in any program. Fourteen per cent of the programs performed routine laboratory biochemical tests to monitor for streptomycin-induced nephrotoxicity, 15% for isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity, and 31% for rifampin-induced hepatotoxicity. Eighty-one per cent of the programs performed routine clinical testing for ophthalmologic complications from ethambutal, but only 30% ever used dosages greater than 15 mg/kg. No program routinely hospitalized all new cases of tuberculosis for initial treatment, but the proportion of patients deemed ill enough to require hospitalization varied from 1 to 80%. In contrast to our previous findings for tuberculosis chemoprophylaxis, considerable variation existed in the treatment and monitoring of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in major metropolitan programs in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-180
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Review of Respiratory Disease
Volume123
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

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United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
Tuberculosis
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Drug Therapy
Isoniazid
Rifampin
Skin Tests
Therapeutics
Ethambutol
Tuberculin
Chemoprevention
Physiologic Monitoring
Streptomycin
Sputum
Hospitalization
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Tuberculosis chemotherapy practices in major metropolitan health departments in the United States",
abstract = "Twenty-eight metropolitan health departments in the United States reporting more than 200 cases of tuberculosis annually were surveyed to determine the standard of practice in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Twenty-seven departments responded adequately for inclusion in this report. All programs used Mantoux skin tests with 5 TU of PPD-T, and only 3 programs ever used any other skin test. In contrast, only 26{\%} of the programs followed the American Thoracic Society recommendation to collect 4 to 6 sputum samples in evaluating the bacteriologic status of patients suspected of pulmonary tuberculosis. Forty-five per cent of the programs continued to follow some or all patients after completion of the designated course of antituberculosis chemotherapy. Two drug regimens (isoniazid with ethambutol or with rifampin) were used most frequently in the initial treatment. No program used parenteral agents in more than 11{\%} of patients receiving initial treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. Short-course chemotherapy regimens (6 to 9 months) and intermittent regimens (twice weekly) were used by only 41{\%} of the programs; neither type of regimen was used for more than 10{\%} of patients in any program. Fourteen per cent of the programs performed routine laboratory biochemical tests to monitor for streptomycin-induced nephrotoxicity, 15{\%} for isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity, and 31{\%} for rifampin-induced hepatotoxicity. Eighty-one per cent of the programs performed routine clinical testing for ophthalmologic complications from ethambutal, but only 30{\%} ever used dosages greater than 15 mg/kg. No program routinely hospitalized all new cases of tuberculosis for initial treatment, but the proportion of patients deemed ill enough to require hospitalization varied from 1 to 80{\%}. In contrast to our previous findings for tuberculosis chemoprophylaxis, considerable variation existed in the treatment and monitoring of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in major metropolitan programs in the United States.",
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Tuberculosis chemotherapy practices in major metropolitan health departments in the United States. / Leff, A. R.; Leff, D. R.; Brewin, A.

In: American Review of Respiratory Disease, Vol. 123, No. 2, 01.01.1981, p. 176-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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