Tuning the affinity of aminoacyl-tRNA to elongation factor Tu for optimal decoding

Jared M. Schrader, Stephen J. Chapman, Olke C. Uhlenbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

To better understand why aminoacyl-tRNAs (aa-tRNAs) have evolved to bind bacterial elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) with uniform affinities, mutant tRNAs with differing affinities for EF-Tu were assayed for decoding on Escherichia coli ribosomes. At saturating EF-Tu concentrations, weaker-binding aa-tRNAs decode their cognate codons similarly to wild-type tRNAs. However, tighter-binding aa-tRNAs show reduced rates of peptide bond formation due to slow release from EF-Tu•GDP. Thus, the affinities of aa-tRNAs for EF-Tu are constrained to be uniform by their need to bind tightly enough to form the ternary complex but weakly enough to release from EF-Tu during decoding. Consistent with available crystal structures, the identity of the esterified amino acid and three base pairs in the T stem of tRNA combine to define the affinity of each aa-tRNA for EF-Tu, both off and on the ribosome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5215-5220
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume108
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 29 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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