Twelve type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci identified through large-scale association analysis

Benjamin F. Voight, Laura J. Scott, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Andrew P. Morris, Christian Dina, Ryan P. Welch, Eleftheria Zeggini, Cornelia Huth, Yurii S. Aulchenko, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Laura J. McCulloch, Teresa Ferreira, Harald Grallert, Najaf Amin, Guanming Wu, Cristen J. Willer, Soumya Raychaudhuri, Steve A. McCarroll, Claudia Langenberg, Oliver M. HofmannJosée Dupuis, Lu Qi, Ayellet V. Segrè, Mandy Van Hoek, Pau Navarro, Kristin Ardlie, Beverley Balkau, Rafn Benediktsson, Amanda J. Bennett, Roza Blagieva, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L. Bonnycastle, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Bert Bravenboer, Suzannah Bumpstead, Noisël P. Burtt, Guillaume Charpentier, Peter S. Chines, Marilyn Cornelis, David J. Couper, Gabe Crawford, Alex S F Doney, Katherine S. Elliott, Amanda L. Elliott, Michael R. Erdos, Caroline S. Fox, Christopher S. Franklin, Martha Ganser, Christian Gieger, Niels Grarup, Todd Green, Simon Griffin, Christopher J. Groves, Candace Guiducci, Samy Hadjadj, Neelam Hassanali, Christian Herder, Bo Isomaa, Anne U. Jackson, Paul R V Johnson, Torben Jørgensen, Wen H L Kao, Norman Klopp, Augustine Kong, Peter Kraft, Johanna Kuusisto, Torsten Lauritzen, Man Li, Aloysius Lieverse, Cecilia M. Lindgren, Valeriya Lyssenko, Michel Marre, Thomas Meitinger, Kristian Midthjell, Mario A. Morken, Narisu Narisu, Peter Nilsson, Katharine R. Owen, Felicity Payne, John R B Perry, Ann Kristin Petersen, Carl Platou, Christine Proença, Inga Prokopenko, Wolfgang Rathmann, N. William Rayner, Neil R. Robertson, Ghislain Rocheleau, Michael Roden, Michael J. Sampson, Richa Saxena, Beverley M. Shields, Peter Shrader, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Thomas Sparsø, Klaus Strassburger, Heather M. Stringham, Qi Sun, Amy J. Swift, Barbara Thorand, Jean Tichet, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Rob M. Van Dam, Timon W. Van Haeften, Thijs Van Herpt, Jana V. Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, G. Bragi Walters, Michael N. Weedon, Cisca Wijmenga, Jacqueline Witteman, Richard N. Bergman, Stephane Cauchi, Francis S. Collins, Anna L. Gloyn, Ulf Gyllensten, Torben Hansen, Winston A. Hide, Graham A. Hitman, Albert Hofman, David J. Hunter, Kristian Hveem, Markku Laakso, Karen L. Mohlke, Andrew D. Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Peter P. Pramstaller, Igor Rudan, Eric Sijbrands, Lincoln D. Stein, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Andre Uitterlinden, Mark Walker, Nicholas J. Wareham, Richard M. Watanabe, Gonçalo R. Abecasis, Bernhard O. Boehm, Harry Campbell, Mark J. Daly, Andrew T. Hattersley, Frank B. Hu, James B. Meigs, James S. Pankow, Oluf Pedersen, H. Erich Wichmann, Inês Barroso, Jose C. Florez, Timothy M. Frayling, Leif Groop, Rob Sladek, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, James F. Wilson, Thomas Illig, Philippe Froguel, Cornelia M. Van Duijn, Kari Stefansson, David Altshuler*, Michael Boehnke, Mark I. McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1323 Scopus citations

Abstract

By combining genome-wide association data from 8,130 individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 38,987 controls of European descent and following up previously unidentified meta-analysis signals in a further 34,412 cases and 59,925 controls, we identified 12 new T2D association signals with combined P 5 × 10 8. These include a second independent signal at the KCNQ1 locus; the first report, to our knowledge, of an X-chromosomal association (near DUSP9); and a further instance of overlap between loci implicated in monogenic and multifactorial forms of diabetes (at HNF1A). The identified loci affect both beta-cell function and insulin action, and, overall, T2D association signals show evidence of enrichment for genes involved in cell cycle regulation. We also show that a high proportion of T2D susceptibility loci harbor independent association signals influencing apparently unrelated complex traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-589
Number of pages11
JournalNature Genetics
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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