Twenty-four-hour profiles of serum leptin in Siberian and golden hamsters: Photoperiodic and diurnal variations

Teresa H. Horton*, Orfeu M. Buxton, Susan Losee-Olson, Fred W. Turek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Serum leptin concentrations were obtained from male Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) and golden hamsters (a.k.a. Syrian, Mesocricetus auratus) housed on long [light:dark (LD) 16:8] and short (LD 6:18) photoperiods for 10-11 weeks. Blood samples were collected at 45-min intervals for 24 h from individual animals using an in-dwelling atrial catheter. In Siberian hamsters, exposure to short photoperiods as compared to long photoperiods reduced body weight (32.5 ± 1.5 vs 47.7 ± 1.1 g) and leptin (24-h mean: 5.3 ± 0.4 ng/ml vs 18.6 ± 2.1 ng/ml). Although photoperiod influenced the temporal distribution of leptin in golden hamsters, the main effect of photoperiod on leptin levels in golden hamsters did not reach significance (24-h mean: 7.1 ± 1.0 ng/ml vs 5.1 ± 0.8 ng/ml.). Body weights of golden hamsters did not vary significantly following exposure to short photoperiod for 11 weeks (178.3 ± 3.6 g in LD 6:18 vs 177.8 ± 7.3 g in LD 16:8). There was no nocturnal increase in serum leptin in either species. Marked interindividual differences were apparent in individual leptin profiles. Periodogram analysis revealed that only a few animals exhibited 24-h periodicities; the presence of a significant 24-h periodicity was more common in hamsters exposed to short days. Photoperiod-associated differences in the 24-hour profile of leptin secretion may be the result of photoperiod- associated changes in feeding behavior or metabolism. A full understanding of the regulation of leptin secretion in multiple time domains may enhance our understanding of the function of leptin. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-398
Number of pages11
JournalHormones and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2000


  • Body weight
  • Circadian
  • Diurnal
  • Leptin
  • Mesocricetus auratus
  • Phodopus sungorus
  • Photoperiod

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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