Two Dakota Homestead Frontiers

John Hudson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Between 1870 and 1910 the northern plains was transformed from Indian reservation to a farming frontier for whites as a result of decisions made outside the region, and by the adaptations of white and Indian settlers. The frontier migration fields of Sanborn County, South Dakota, and Bowman County, North Dakota, were heavily concentrated in the Middle West, illustrating the shift in migrant origins as the frontier pushed westward. The contrast in patterns of development beween North and South Dakota was largely determined by the location and timing of railroad construction, which in turn reflected the government's land grant and Indian policies. Within Sanborn and Bowman counties, pioneer settlement patterns illustrate the role of group migration, public land policies, and railroad land sales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-462
Number of pages21
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1973

Fingerprint

railroad
migration
land policy
settlement pattern
sales
grant
migrant
Group
land
policy

Keywords

  • Dakota
  • Great Plains
  • Homesteads
  • Middle West
  • Migration fields
  • Norwegians
  • Railroads
  • Range cattle industry
  • Settlement patterns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

@article{0a9071618a16468a97a2523069d7a865,
title = "Two Dakota Homestead Frontiers",
abstract = "Between 1870 and 1910 the northern plains was transformed from Indian reservation to a farming frontier for whites as a result of decisions made outside the region, and by the adaptations of white and Indian settlers. The frontier migration fields of Sanborn County, South Dakota, and Bowman County, North Dakota, were heavily concentrated in the Middle West, illustrating the shift in migrant origins as the frontier pushed westward. The contrast in patterns of development beween North and South Dakota was largely determined by the location and timing of railroad construction, which in turn reflected the government's land grant and Indian policies. Within Sanborn and Bowman counties, pioneer settlement patterns illustrate the role of group migration, public land policies, and railroad land sales.",
keywords = "Dakota, Great Plains, Homesteads, Middle West, Migration fields, Norwegians, Railroads, Range cattle industry, Settlement patterns",
author = "John Hudson",
year = "1973",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-8306.1973.tb00940.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "442--462",
journal = "Annals of the American Association of Geographers",
issn = "2469-4452",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

Two Dakota Homestead Frontiers. / Hudson, John.

In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 63, No. 4, 01.01.1973, p. 442-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two Dakota Homestead Frontiers

AU - Hudson, John

PY - 1973/1/1

Y1 - 1973/1/1

N2 - Between 1870 and 1910 the northern plains was transformed from Indian reservation to a farming frontier for whites as a result of decisions made outside the region, and by the adaptations of white and Indian settlers. The frontier migration fields of Sanborn County, South Dakota, and Bowman County, North Dakota, were heavily concentrated in the Middle West, illustrating the shift in migrant origins as the frontier pushed westward. The contrast in patterns of development beween North and South Dakota was largely determined by the location and timing of railroad construction, which in turn reflected the government's land grant and Indian policies. Within Sanborn and Bowman counties, pioneer settlement patterns illustrate the role of group migration, public land policies, and railroad land sales.

AB - Between 1870 and 1910 the northern plains was transformed from Indian reservation to a farming frontier for whites as a result of decisions made outside the region, and by the adaptations of white and Indian settlers. The frontier migration fields of Sanborn County, South Dakota, and Bowman County, North Dakota, were heavily concentrated in the Middle West, illustrating the shift in migrant origins as the frontier pushed westward. The contrast in patterns of development beween North and South Dakota was largely determined by the location and timing of railroad construction, which in turn reflected the government's land grant and Indian policies. Within Sanborn and Bowman counties, pioneer settlement patterns illustrate the role of group migration, public land policies, and railroad land sales.

KW - Dakota

KW - Great Plains

KW - Homesteads

KW - Middle West

KW - Migration fields

KW - Norwegians

KW - Railroads

KW - Range cattle industry

KW - Settlement patterns

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=17744390661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=17744390661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-8306.1973.tb00940.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8306.1973.tb00940.x

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 442

EP - 462

JO - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

JF - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

SN - 2469-4452

IS - 4

ER -