Two Distinct Cu(II)-V(IV) Superexchange Interactions with Similar Bond Angles in a Triangular "cuV2" Fragment

Yiran Wang, Masayuki Fukuda, Sergey Nikolaev, Atsushi Miyake, Kent J. Griffith, Matthew L. Nisbet, Emily Hiralal, Romain Gautier, Brandon L. Fisher, Masashi Tokunaga, Masaki Azuma, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The strength and sign of superexchange interactions are often predicted on the basis of the bond angles between magnetic ions, but complications may arise in situations with a nontrivial arrangement of the magnetic orbitals. We report on a novel molecular tetramer compound [Cu(H2O)dmbpy]2[V2O2F8] (dmbpy = 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridyl) that is composed of triangular "CuV2"fragments and displays a spin gap behavior. By combining first-principles calculations and electronic models, we reveal that superexchange Cu-V interactions carry drastically different coupling strengths along two Cu-F-V pathways with comparable bond angles in the triangular "CuV2"fragment. Counterintuitively, their strong disparity is found to originate from the restricted symmetry of the half-filled Cu dx2-y2 orbital stabilized by the crystal field, leading to one dominating antiferromagnetic Cu-V coupling in each fragment. We revisit the magnetic properties of the reported spin-gapped chain compound [enH2]Cu(H2O)2[V2O2F8] (enH2 = ethylene diammonium) containing similar triangular "CuV2"fragments, and the magnetic behavior of the molecular tetramer and the chain compounds is rationalized as that of weakly coupled spin dimers and spin trimers, respectively. This work demonstrates that fundamentally different magnetic couplings can be observed between magnetic ions with similar bond angles in a single spin motif, thus providing a strategy to introduce various exchange interactions combined with low dimensionality in heterometallic Cu(II)-V(IV) compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10234-10241
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jul 4 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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