Two-tone suppression in inner hair cell responses: Correlates of rate suppression in the auditory nerve

Mary Ann Cheatham*, Peter Dallos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inner hair cell (IHC) recordings were made from second turn of the guinea pig cochlea where characteristic frequencies are approximately 4000 Hz. In order to compare IHC responses with rate suppression measured in the auditory nerve, suppressors were introduced that produced little or no response in the hair cell. The effects of a variable-frequency suppressor on a constant-frequency probe, placed near characteristic frequency, were also investigated since this paradigm is commonly used in single unit experiments. Resulting magnitude changes were measured in the fundamental component of the ac receptor potential and/or in the total de produced in the region of temporal overlap between the two stimulus inputs. This latter component is escecially important when considering how changes in IHC responses relate to decreases in discharge rate in single auditorynnerve fibers. Since the ac receptor potential is filtered by the hair cell's basolateral membrane, the dc component probably controls transmitter release at the characteristic frequency of these second-turn IHCs. Based on results from these and previous experiments, a proposal is advanced to explain the evolution of two-tone suppression in the peripheral auditory system. The paper also discusses the use of excitatory versus non-excitatory suppressors and includes a description of two-tone suppression areas at the mechanical, IHC and single unit levels. The explanation of low-side suppression areas is of special interest since hitherto they have been difficult to model (Kim, 1985).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalHearing Research
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • Hair cell
  • Nonlinearity
  • Two-tone suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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