Two‐dimensional characterization of prostatic acid phosphatase, prostatic specific antigen and prostate binding protein in expressed prostatic fluid

Chung Lee*, Yvonne Tsai, Julia Sensibar, Lyda Oliver, John T. Grayhack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Specimens of pooled prostatic fluid, collected by rectal massage from men under 50 years of age with no apparent prostatic disorders, were subjected to two‐diemnsional gel electrophoresis to study the composition of its proteins. In a preliminary study, a total of 57 major protein groups were detected. In the present study, we attempted to identify, in the two‐dimensional gels, those that are related to prostate‐associated proteins, i.e., prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), prostatic specific antigen (PSA), and prostate binding protein (PBP). Individual proteins were recognized by the procedure of Western Blot using specific antisera with peroxidase‐antiperoxidase as the staining reagent. Each protein spot in the two‐dimensional gel was expressed, along the abscissa, by its isoelectric point (pI) and, along the ordinate, by the molecular weight (MW). PAP consisted of a train of more than ten protein spots that occupied an area in the gel from pI 7.0, MW 45,000 to pI 6.0, MW 50,000. Four protein spots with a MW of 34,000 and a pI range of 8.2–8.8 were identified as PSA. PBP was observed as having three protein spots that were located at pI 5.6–6.6 with a single MW of 15,000. For PAP and PSA, additional protein spots with lower MWs also stained positively with the specific antisera, suggestive of the presence of degradative products of these proteins. Following the removal of the serum‐related proteins by an extensive absorption with anti‐human serum antibody by affinity chromatography, the prostatic fluid contained 27 major groups of non‐serum proteins. These non‐serum proteins in the prostatic fluid included PAP, PSA, PBP, and their related smaller molecular species. These results indicate that the prostatic fluid contains PAP, PSA, PBP and that their presence and the patterns of their distribution in the two‐dimensional gels should be considered as the characteristic property of the prostatic secretions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-146
Number of pages12
JournalThe Prostate
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986


  • electrophoresis
  • prostate binding protein
  • prostate specific antigen
  • prostatic acid phosphatase
  • prostatic fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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