Type 2 cadherins in the human endometrium and placenta: Their putative roles in human implantation and placentation

Colin D. MacCalman*, Spiro Getsios, George T C Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

PROBLEM: The cadherins are a gene superfamily of calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecules. To date, the role(s) of the cadherins in human implantation remains poorly defined. METHOD OF STUDY: The spatiotemporal expression of the type 2 cadherins, known as cadherin-11 and cadherin-6, in the endometrium and placenta was examined using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Cadherin-6 and cadherin-11 are differentially expressed in the endometrial stroma during the menstrual cycle. The switch between cadherin-6 and cadherin-11 expression in the endometrial stroma occurs during the late secretory phase. Maximum cadherin-11 mRNA levels were observed in the decidua of early pregnancy but were markedly reduced at term. In the placenta, cadherin-11 is expressed in the syncytial trophoblast and extravillous cytotrophoblast columns. However, cadherin-6 seems to be the predominant cadherin subtype present in highly invasive extravillous cytotrophoblasts. CONCLUSION: Cadherin-11 and cadherin-6 may play a central role in the formation and organization of the human endometrium and placenta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-107
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Cadherin-11
  • Cadherin-6
  • Cadherins
  • Endometrium
  • Implantation
  • Placenta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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