Previously, we had demonstrated that a Legionella pneumophila prepilin peptidase (pilD) mutant does not produce type IV pili and shows reduced secretion of enzymatic activities. Moreover, it displays a distinct colony morphology and a dramatic reduction in intracellular growth within amoebae and macrophages, two phenotypes that are not exhibited by a pilin (pilEL) mutant. To determine whether these pilD-dependent defects were linked to type II secretion, we have constructed two new mutants of L. pneumophila strain 130b. Mutations were introduced into either lspDE, which encodes the type II outer membrane secretin and ATPase, or lspFGHIJK, which encodes the pseudopilins. Unlike the wild-type and pilEL strains, both lspDE and lspG mutants showed reduced secretion of six pilD-dependent enzymatic activities; i.e., protease, acid phosphatase, p-nitrophenol phosphorylcholine hydrolase, lipase, phospholipase A, and lysophospholipase A. However, they exhibited a colony morphology different from that of the pilD mutant, suggesting that their surfaces are distinct. The pilD, lspDE, and lspG mutants were similarly and greatly impaired for growth within Hartmannella vermiformis, indicating that the intracellular defect of the peptidase mutant in amoebae is explained by the loss of type II secretion. When assessed for infection of U937 macrophages, both lsp mutants exhibited a 10-fold reduction in intracellular multiplication and a diminished cytopathic effect. Interestingly, the pilD mutant was clearly 100-fold more defective than the type II secretion mutants in U937 cells. These results suggest the existence of a novel pilD-dependent mechanism for promoting L. pneumophila intracellular infection of human cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases