Ultrafast modulation of the plasma frequency of vertically aligned indium tin oxide rods

Daniel B. Tice, Shi Qiang Li, Mario Tagliazucchi, D. Bruce Buchholz, Emily A. Weiss, Robert P.H. Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Light-matter interaction at the nanoscale is of particular interest for future photonic integrated circuits and devices with applications ranging from communication to sensing and imaging. In this Letter a combination of transient absorption (TA) and the use of third harmonic generation as a probe (THG-probe) has been adopted to investigate the response of the localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) of vertically aligned indium tin oxide rods (ITORs) upon ultraviolet light (UV) excitation. TA experiments, which are sensitive to the extinction of the LSPR, show a fluence-dependent increase in the frequency and intensity of the LSPR. The THG-probe experiments show a fluence-dependent decrease of the LSPR-enhanced local electric field intensity within the rod, consistent with a shift of the LSPR to higher frequency. The kinetics from both TA and THG-probe experiments are found to be independent of the fluence of the pump. These results indicate that UV excitation modulates the plasma frequency of ITO on the ultrafast time scale by the injection of electrons into, and their subsequent decay from, the conduction band of the rods. Increases to the electron concentration in the conduction band of ∼13% were achieved in these experiments. Computer simulation and modeling have been used throughout the investigation to guide the design of the experiments and to map the electric field distribution around the rods for interpreting far-field measurement results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1120-1126
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 12 2014


  • Localized surface plasmons
  • carrier injection
  • doped semiconductors
  • third harmonic generation
  • transient absorption
  • ultrafast optical modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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