Ultrahigh enhancement in absolute and relative rotation sensing using fast and slow light

M. S. Shahriar*, G. S. Pati, R. Tripathi, V. Gopal, M. Messall, K. Salit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a resonator-based optical gyroscope whose sensitivity for measuring absolute rotation is enhanced via use of the anomalous dispersion characteristic of superluminal light propagation. The enhancement is given by the inverse of the group index, saturating to a bound determined by the group velocity dispersion. We also show how the offsetting effect of the concomitant broadening of the resonator linewidth may be circumvented by using an active cavity. For realistic conditions, the enhancement factor is as high as 106. We also show how normal dispersion used for slow light can enhance relative rotation sensing in a specially designed Sagnac interferometer, with the enhancement given by the slowing factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number053807
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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