Ultrasound assessment of the kidneys in patients with renal impairment has been described in various ways in the critical care, nephrology, and radiology literature, resulting in a somewhat heterogeneous picture of the gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound manifestation of acute kidney injury (AKI). Given that ultrasound assessment can potentially identify reversible causes of AKI or identify underlying chronic kidney disease, it is important for radiologists to be aware of the common etiologies of AKI and the spectrum of ultrasound findings. We review the definition and etiologies of renal injury and introduce the ultrasound SERVeillance framework - assessment of renal size, echogenicity, renal hilum, and vascularity - for the imaging assessment of AKI.
- acute kidney injury
- renal biopsy
- renal ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging