Ultrasound-guided trunk and core blocks in infants and children

Tarun Bhalla*, Amod Sawardekar, Elisabeth Dewhirst, Narasimhan Jagannathan, Joseph D. Tobias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regional anesthetic techniques for perioperative analgesia in children are being increasingly utilized with the reported advantages of providing superior analgesia, decreasing opioid consumption, and reducing opioid-related adverse effects. The following article reviews the available literature regarding core and trunk blocks in infants and children; specifically, transversus abdominis plane, ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve, rectus sheath, lumbar plexus, and paravertebral and intercostal nerve blockade. The common indications and potential complications and adverse effects for each block are presented. Additionally, the anatomy and techniques needed for their performance are reviewed. Finally, a summary of the relevant literature in relation to each peripheral nerve block technique is included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-123
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Anesthesia
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Ambulatory anesthesia
  • Pain
  • Pediatric anesthesia
  • Regional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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