Ultrasound measured renal length versus low dose CT volume in predicting single kidney glomerular filtration rate

E. Widjaja, J. W. Oxtoby*, T. L. Hale, P. W. Jones, P. N. Harden, I. W. McCall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


Ultrasound measured renal length and CT measured renal volume are potential surrogate markers for single kidney glomerular filtration rate (SKGFR). The aims of this study are to determine: (1) the repeatability of ultrasound measured length and low radiation dose spiral CT measured volume; (2) the relationship between renal length and volume; and (3) whether length and/or volume is a predictor of SKGFR. 69 patients with suspected renal artery stenosis underwent ultrasound renal length measurement, CT evaluation of renal volume and assessment of SKGFR. 40 patients had ultrasound measurement of length and CT evaluation of volume performed twice on two separate visits. 25 patients also had ultrasound measured renal parenchymal thickness and area. The region of interest was drawn around the kidneys and a threshold set to subtract renal peripelvic fat and renal pelvis. The volume from each slice was summed to obtain the total volume for each kidney. The limits of agreement for ultrasound measured renal length were -1.6 cm to 1.52 cm and that for CT renal volume were -33 ml to 32 ml. There was significant correlation between ultrasound measured length and CT volume (r=0.74, p<0.01). Volume was a better predictor of SKGFR (r2=0.57) than length (r2=0.48). The combined parameters of ultrasound measured length, area and parenchymal thickness were a better predictor of volume (r2=0.81) and SKGFR (r2=0.58) than ultrasound measured length on its own. The low dose CT technique was reasonably reproducible and renal volume measurements correlate better with SKGFR than length. Ultrasound predictions of renal volume and SKGFR can be improved by incorporating cross-sectional area and parenchymal thickness. Further investigation is required to refine our low dose CT technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)759-764
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Issue number921
StatePublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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