All patients undergoing uncemented total hip arthroplasty for end stage hip disease related to osteonecrosis of the femoral head were assessed prospectively between November 1983 and October 1992. The results of clinical evaluation using the Harris Hip score and radiographic assessment of fixation were analyzed to identify features of success or failure that may be unique to this population. Four different stem types and 4 different acetabular components were used. Sixty-four patients had 98 hips implanted during the time of the study. The 42 male and 22 female patients averaged 41 years of age (range, 21-69 years). Average followup was 87.3 months (7.3 years; range, 31-134 months). The cause of osteonecrosis was corticosteroids (42 hips), alcohol (27 hips), trauma (5 hips), and other (24 hips). Three patients (5 hips) have died and 4 patients (6 hips) are lost to followup. At last followup 65 of 87 hips (75%) remained radiographically stable and clinically functional, 18 of 87 (21%) have been revised, and 4 were failing (osteolysis). Of the 22 hips with revision or impending failure, 4 were for technical reasons on the femoral side and 18 were for acetabular wear. Patient factors such as weight or underlying disease state did not seem to influence the ability to achieve stable fixation or contribute to accelerated failure. Failures related primarily to problems of first generation devices including accelerated wear of acetabular components, technical issues of femoral component placement (undersizing of components or femoral fracture), and the use of noncircumferentially coated femoral components. Age may be a factor in early failure. This 10-year experience with total hip arthroplasty for the patient with end stage hip disease due to osteonecrosis suggests that uncemented total hip arthroplasty can be applied predictably to this younger, potentially more, active patient population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine