Understanding and treating arm movement impairment after chronic brain injury: Progress with the ARM guide

David J. Reinkensmeyer*, Leonard E. Kahn, Michele Averbuch, Alicia McKenna-Cole, Brian D. Schmit, W. Zev Rymer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

380 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significant potential exists for enhancing physical rehabilitation following neurologic injury through the use of robotic and mechatronic devices (or "rehabilitators"). We review the development of a rehabilitator (the "ARM Guide") to diagnose and treat arm movement impairment following stroke and other brain injuries. As a diagnostic tool, the ARM Guide provides a basis for evaluation of several key motor impairments, including abnormal tone, incoordination, and weakness. As a therapeutic tool, the device provides a means to implement and evaluate active assist therapy for the arm. Initial results with three stroke subjects demonstrate that such therapy can produce quantifiable benefits in the chronic hemiparetic arm. Directions for future research regarding the efficacy and practicality of rehabilitators are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-662
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of rehabilitation research and development
Volume37
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Arm movement
  • Rehabilitation
  • Robotics
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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