Understanding Caregiving and Caregivers: Supporting Children and Youth With Special Health Care Needs at Home

Clarissa G. Hoover*, Ryan J. Coller, Amy Houtrow, Debbi Harris, Rishi Agrawal, Renee Turchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Caregiving encompasses the nurturing, tasks, resources, and services that meet the day-to-day needs of children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN) at home. Many gaps exist in the strategies currently offered by the health care system to meet the caregiving needs of CYSHCN. The work of family caregivers of CYSHCN is known to be extensive, but it is so poorly understood that it has been described as “invisible”. This invisibility leads to poor communication and gaps in understanding between professional health care providers and family caregivers. To address these gaps, health care researchers must work with family caregivers to incorporate their expertise on caregiving and create meaningful and sustainable research partnerships. A growing body of research is attempting to remedy the problem of caregiving invisibility and lay better foundations for successful integration between health care settings, family caregiving, professional caregiving, and community supports for families of CYSHCN. We identify high-priority gaps in CYSHCN caregiving research and propose research questions that are designed to accelerate growth in evidence-based understanding of the work of family caregivers of CYSHCN and how best to support them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S14-S21
JournalAcademic Pediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • caregiving
  • family engagement
  • home health
  • research agenda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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