Objectives: To establish the reliability and validity of the newly developed TBI-CareQOL patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures in caregivers of civilians and service members/veterans (SMVs) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) so that they can be used with confidence in clinical research and practice. Design: Computer-based surveys delivered through an on-line data capture platform. Setting: Three TBI Model Systems rehabilitation hospitals, an academic medical center, and a military medical treatment facility. Participants: Caregivers (N=560) of individuals with TBI; this included 2 different study samples: 344 caregivers of civilians with TBI and 216 caregivers of SMVs with TBI. Intervention: Not Applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Five Traumatic Brain Injury Caregiver Quality of Life (TBI-CareQOL) item banks. Results: Reliabilities for the TBI-CareQOL measures were excellent (all Cronbach's α >.88); 3-week test-retest reliability ranged from.75 to.90 across the 2 samples. Convergent validity was supported by moderate to high associations among the TBI-CareQOL measures and moderate correlations between the TBI-CareQOL measures and other measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and caregiver burden. Discriminant validity was supported by low correlations between the TBI-CareQOL measures and less-related constructs (eg, caregiver satisfaction). Known-groups validity was supported: caregivers of individuals that were low functioning had worse HRQOL than caregivers of high-functioning individuals. Conclusions: Results provide psychometric support for the new TBI-CareQOL item banks. As such, these measures fill a significant gap in the caregiver literature where sensitive PRO measures that capture changes in HRQOL are needed to detect improvements for interventions designed to assist family caregivers.
- Brain injury
- Health-related quality of life
- Military family
- Patient reported outcome
- Traumatic brain injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation