Activation of the hepatic unfolded protein response (UPR), a highly conserved cellular response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, is a firmly established feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). ER stress is now widely accepted as both a cause and a consequence of hepatic steatosis. Moreover, the accumulation of hepatic lipids induces ER stress, which, in turn, disrupts hepatic lipid metabolism thus creating a vicious cycle that potentiates hepatic lipid accumulation. Additionally, there is interplay between the UPR and the inflammatory cascades associated with progressive nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which the UPR regulates hepatic lipid metabolism and lipotoxic liver injury may lead to the identification of novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of NAFLD.
- endoplasmic reticulum stress
- fatty liver
- hepatic lipid metabolism
- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas