Objective: To report a previously undescribed clinical entity involving an unusual inflammatory lesion of the choroid. Patients: Six young, healthy patients experienced acute unilateral visual loss secondary to unifocal choroiditis in the macula. Results: All patients exhibited a solitary, elevated, yellow-white active focus of choroiditis with overlying subretinal fluid and in some cases subretinal hemorrhaging. The lesions were approximately 1 disc diameter in size and, on follow-up, showed minimal growth, then gradual resolution of the subretinal fluid. No other signs of ocular inflammation were noted, except in 1 patient who had anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation. In the 3 patients with prolonged follow-up, elevated white plaquelike lesions persisted with little change over time. Relapses were seen, and some permanent visual loss occurred in 1 of the 3 patients. Systemic evaluations revealed no definitive etiology. Conclusions: To our knowledge, these patients exhibit an undescribed clinical entity, separable from previously established choroidal disorders. The cause of the lesions remains uncertain. We call this entity 'unifocal helioid choroiditis'.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archives of Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
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