Unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with psychosocial adjustment in breast cancer survivors

Patricia Ingrid Moreno, Larissa N. Dooley, Julienne E. Bower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Eudaimonic wellbeing (e.g., meaning, purpose in life) and hedonic wellbeing (e.g., happiness, life satisfaction) are related but conceptually distinct facets of wellbeing. Eudaimonic wellbeing is highly underexplored in cancer research despite its relevance to important existential concerns faced by cancer survivors. Therefore, this study examined the unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with adjustment in breast cancer survivors. Methods: Women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer within two years (N = 64) were recruited through the UCLA Tumor Registry and completed self-report questionnaires (Mental Health Continuum–Short Form Scale, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Social Provisions Scale, Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Fatigue Symptom Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale). Findings: Controlling for their shared variance and covariates, eudaimonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with greater posttraumatic growth (β = 0.42, p =.026, R 2 =.07), more reliable social support (β = 0.50, p =.010, R 2 =.09), and marginally lower fear of recurrence (β = –0.40, p =.063, R 2 =.06) while hedonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with lower sleep disturbance (β = –0.56, p =.004, R 2 =.12), fatigue (β = –0.53, p =.003, R 2 =.11), and depressive symptoms (β = –0.59, p <.001, R 2 =.14). Conclusions: Findings suggest eudaimonic wellbeing may confer quality of life benefits beyond symptom reduction in breast cancer survivors, while hedonic wellbeing is primarily associated with fewer behavioral symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-657
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Oncology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2018

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Pleasure
Survivors
Breast Neoplasms
Fatigue
Neoplasms
Sleep
Quality of Life
Equipment and Supplies
Behavioral Symptoms
Happiness
Growth
Social Support
Self Report
Fear
Registries
Mental Health
Depression
Recurrence
Research

Keywords

  • adjustment
  • breast cancer
  • eudaimonic
  • hedonic
  • survivorship
  • wellbeing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{73cb1ca20432435ca86b740657cb3c45,
title = "Unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with psychosocial adjustment in breast cancer survivors",
abstract = "Purpose: Eudaimonic wellbeing (e.g., meaning, purpose in life) and hedonic wellbeing (e.g., happiness, life satisfaction) are related but conceptually distinct facets of wellbeing. Eudaimonic wellbeing is highly underexplored in cancer research despite its relevance to important existential concerns faced by cancer survivors. Therefore, this study examined the unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with adjustment in breast cancer survivors. Methods: Women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer within two years (N = 64) were recruited through the UCLA Tumor Registry and completed self-report questionnaires (Mental Health Continuum–Short Form Scale, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Social Provisions Scale, Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Fatigue Symptom Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale). Findings: Controlling for their shared variance and covariates, eudaimonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with greater posttraumatic growth (β = 0.42, p =.026, R 2 =.07), more reliable social support (β = 0.50, p =.010, R 2 =.09), and marginally lower fear of recurrence (β = –0.40, p =.063, R 2 =.06) while hedonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with lower sleep disturbance (β = –0.56, p =.004, R 2 =.12), fatigue (β = –0.53, p =.003, R 2 =.11), and depressive symptoms (β = –0.59, p <.001, R 2 =.14). Conclusions: Findings suggest eudaimonic wellbeing may confer quality of life benefits beyond symptom reduction in breast cancer survivors, while hedonic wellbeing is primarily associated with fewer behavioral symptoms.",
keywords = "adjustment, breast cancer, eudaimonic, hedonic, survivorship, wellbeing",
author = "Moreno, {Patricia Ingrid} and Dooley, {Larissa N.} and Bower, {Julienne E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/07347332.2018.1471564",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "649--657",
journal = "Journal of Psychosocial Oncology",
issn = "0734-7332",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "5",

}

Unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with psychosocial adjustment in breast cancer survivors. / Moreno, Patricia Ingrid; Dooley, Larissa N.; Bower, Julienne E.

In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, Vol. 36, No. 5, 03.09.2018, p. 649-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with psychosocial adjustment in breast cancer survivors

AU - Moreno, Patricia Ingrid

AU - Dooley, Larissa N.

AU - Bower, Julienne E.

PY - 2018/9/3

Y1 - 2018/9/3

N2 - Purpose: Eudaimonic wellbeing (e.g., meaning, purpose in life) and hedonic wellbeing (e.g., happiness, life satisfaction) are related but conceptually distinct facets of wellbeing. Eudaimonic wellbeing is highly underexplored in cancer research despite its relevance to important existential concerns faced by cancer survivors. Therefore, this study examined the unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with adjustment in breast cancer survivors. Methods: Women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer within two years (N = 64) were recruited through the UCLA Tumor Registry and completed self-report questionnaires (Mental Health Continuum–Short Form Scale, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Social Provisions Scale, Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Fatigue Symptom Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale). Findings: Controlling for their shared variance and covariates, eudaimonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with greater posttraumatic growth (β = 0.42, p =.026, R 2 =.07), more reliable social support (β = 0.50, p =.010, R 2 =.09), and marginally lower fear of recurrence (β = –0.40, p =.063, R 2 =.06) while hedonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with lower sleep disturbance (β = –0.56, p =.004, R 2 =.12), fatigue (β = –0.53, p =.003, R 2 =.11), and depressive symptoms (β = –0.59, p <.001, R 2 =.14). Conclusions: Findings suggest eudaimonic wellbeing may confer quality of life benefits beyond symptom reduction in breast cancer survivors, while hedonic wellbeing is primarily associated with fewer behavioral symptoms.

AB - Purpose: Eudaimonic wellbeing (e.g., meaning, purpose in life) and hedonic wellbeing (e.g., happiness, life satisfaction) are related but conceptually distinct facets of wellbeing. Eudaimonic wellbeing is highly underexplored in cancer research despite its relevance to important existential concerns faced by cancer survivors. Therefore, this study examined the unique associations of eudaimonic and hedonic wellbeing with adjustment in breast cancer survivors. Methods: Women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer within two years (N = 64) were recruited through the UCLA Tumor Registry and completed self-report questionnaires (Mental Health Continuum–Short Form Scale, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Social Provisions Scale, Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Fatigue Symptom Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale). Findings: Controlling for their shared variance and covariates, eudaimonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with greater posttraumatic growth (β = 0.42, p =.026, R 2 =.07), more reliable social support (β = 0.50, p =.010, R 2 =.09), and marginally lower fear of recurrence (β = –0.40, p =.063, R 2 =.06) while hedonic wellbeing was uniquely associated with lower sleep disturbance (β = –0.56, p =.004, R 2 =.12), fatigue (β = –0.53, p =.003, R 2 =.11), and depressive symptoms (β = –0.59, p <.001, R 2 =.14). Conclusions: Findings suggest eudaimonic wellbeing may confer quality of life benefits beyond symptom reduction in breast cancer survivors, while hedonic wellbeing is primarily associated with fewer behavioral symptoms.

KW - adjustment

KW - breast cancer

KW - eudaimonic

KW - hedonic

KW - survivorship

KW - wellbeing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060257999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060257999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07347332.2018.1471564

DO - 10.1080/07347332.2018.1471564

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 649

EP - 657

JO - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

JF - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

SN - 0734-7332

IS - 5

ER -