Unique fractal evaluation and therapeutic implications of mitochondrial morphology in malignant mesothelioma

Frances E. Lennon, Gianguido C. Cianci, Rajani Kanteti, Jacob J. Riehm, Qudsia Arif, Valeriy A. Poroyko, Eitan Lupovitch, Wickii Vigneswaran, Aliya Husain, Phetcharat Chen, James K. Liao, Martin Sattler, Hedy L. Kindler, Ravi Salgia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malignant mesothelioma (MM), is an intractable disease with limited therapeutic options and grim survival rates. Altered metabolic and mitochondrial functions are hallmarks of MM and most other cancers. Mitochondria exist as a dynamic network, playing a central role in cellular metabolism. MM cell lines display a spectrum of altered mitochondrial morphologies and function compared to control mesothelial cells. Fractal dimension and lacunarity measurements are a sensitive and objective method to quantify mitochondrial morphology and most importantly are a promising predictor of response to mitochondrial inhibition. Control cells have high fractal dimension and low lacunarity and are relatively insensitive to mitochondrial inhibition. MM cells exhibit a spectrum of sensitivities to mitochondrial inhibitors. Low mitochondrial fractal dimension and high lacunarity correlates with increased sensitivity to the mitochondrial inhibitor metformin. Lacunarity also correlates with sensitivity to Mdivi-1, a mitochondrial fission inhibitor. MM and control cells have similar sensitivities to cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of MM. Neither oxidative phosphorylation nor glycolytic activity, correlated with sensitivity to either metformin or mdivi-1. Our results suggest that mitochondrial inhibition may be an effective and selective therapeutic strategy in mesothelioma, and identifies mitochondrial morphology as a possible predictor of response to targeted mitochondrial inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24578
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Lennon, F. E., Cianci, G. C., Kanteti, R., Riehm, J. J., Arif, Q., Poroyko, V. A., Lupovitch, E., Vigneswaran, W., Husain, A., Chen, P., Liao, J. K., Sattler, M., Kindler, H. L., & Salgia, R. (2016). Unique fractal evaluation and therapeutic implications of mitochondrial morphology in malignant mesothelioma. Scientific reports, 6, [24578]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep24578