Update on Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Genitourinary Procedures in Patients with Artificial Joint Replacement and Artificial Heart Valves

Daniel J. Mazur*, Daniel J. Fuchs, Travis O. Abicht, Terrance D. Peabody

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infection of artificial joint replacements and heart valves is an uncommon but serious complication encountered anytime after the implantation of these prostheses. It is known that bacteremia can lead to infection of a prosthetic device. However, there is no strong evidence to correlate urologic procedures with the development of periprosthetic joint infection or prosthetic valve endocarditis. Therefore, antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of endocarditis is not recommended in patients undergoing urologic procedures. However, guidelines regarding prophylaxis to prevent infection of an artificial joint in the setting of a genitourinary procedure are more varied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-447
Number of pages7
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis
  • Arthroplasty
  • Bacteremia
  • Endocarditis
  • Urologic surgical procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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