Update on the 2012 guidelines for the management of pediatric traumatic brain injury - Information for the anesthesiologist

Nina Hardcastle, Hubert A. Benzon, Monica S. Vavilala*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Scopus citations


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant contributor to death and disability in children. Considering the prevalence of pediatric TBI, it is important for the clinician to be aware of evidence-based recommendations for the care of these patients. The first edition of the Guidelines for the Acute Medical Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Infants, Children, and Adolescents was published in 2003. The Guidelines were updated in 2012, with significant changes in the recommendations for hyperosmolar therapy, temperature control, hyperventilation, corticosteroids, glucose therapy, and seizure prophylaxis. Many of these interventions have implications in the perioperative period, and it is the responsibility of the anesthesiologist to be familiar with these guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-710
Number of pages8
JournalPaediatric anaesthesia
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014



  • acute care guidelines
  • best evidence
  • brain outcomes
  • pediatric trauma
  • pediatric traumatic brain injury
  • quality of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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