Urinary Angiotensinogen in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes With Microalbuminuria: Gender Differences and Effect of Intensive Insulin Therapy

Jessica Navarro, Alejandro Sanchez, Sheeba H. Ba Aqeel, Minghao Ye, Mohammed Z. Rehman, Jan Wysocki, Alfred Rademaker, Mark E. Molitch, Daniel Batlle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Angiotensinogen (AOG) is the precursor of peptides of the renin angiotensin system (RAS). Because insulin up-regulates transcriptional factors that normally repress kidney AOG synthesis, we evaluated urinary AOG (uAOG) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and microalbuminuria who are receiving either intensive or conventional insulin therapy. Methods: Urine samples from participants of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) were used for the following: (i) uAOG/creatinine measurements in 103 patients with microalbuminuria and 103 patients with normoalbuminuria, matched for age, gender, disease duration, and allocation to insulin therapy; and (ii) uAOG/creatinine measurements from patients with microalbuminuria allocated to intensive insulin therapy (n = 58) or conventional insulin therapy (n = 41) after 3 years on each modality. Results: uAOG was higher in patients who started with microalbuminuria than in those with normoalbuminuria (6.65 vs. 4.0 ng/mg creatinine, P < 0.01). uAOG was higher in females than in males with microalbuminuria (11.7 vs. 5.4 ng/mg creatinine, P = 0.015). uAOG was lower in patients with microalbuminuria allocated to intensive insulin therapy than in conventional insulin therapy (3.98 vs. 7.42 ng/mg creatinine, P < 0.01). These differences in uAOG were observed though albumin excretion rate (AER) was not significantly different. Conclusion: In patients with T1D and microalbuminuria, uAOG is increased and varies with gender and the type of insulin therapy independently of AER. This suggests that AOG production is increased in females and it is decreased by intensive insulin therapy. The reduction in uAOG with intensive insulin therapy, by kidney RAS downregulation, may contribute to the known renoprotective action associated with intensive insulin and improved glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2657-2667
Number of pages11
JournalKidney International Reports
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • albuminuria
  • angiotensinogen
  • diabetic kidney disease
  • renin-angiotensin system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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