Urinary Tract Infection and Bacteriuria in Pregnancy

Alexander P. Glaser, Anthony J. Schaeffer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Bacteriuria during pregnancy may be classified as asymptomatic bacteriuria, infections of the lower urinary tract (cystitis), or infections of the upper urinary tract (pyelonephritis). Lower tract bacteriuria is associated with an increased risk of developing pyelonephritis in pregnancy, which is itself associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Pregnant women should be screened for the presence of bacteriuria early in pregnancy. All bacteriuria in pregnancy should be treated, and antimicrobial choice in pregnancy should reflect safety for both the mother and the fetus. After treatment of bacteriuria, patients should be followed closely due to risk of recurrent bacteriuria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-560
Number of pages14
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2015


  • Antimicrobials
  • Bacteriuria
  • Pregnancy
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urinary tract infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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