Urothelial carcinomas: A focus on human epidermal receptors signaling

Petros D. Grivas, Mark Day, Maha Hussain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Bladder cancer is a common malignancy and a frequent cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The bene-fit from current chemotherapy has reached a relative plateau, thus identification of molecular targets for better ther-apy is a high priority. Human epidermal receptors constitute a family of receptor tyrosine kinases, which appear to be implicated in cellular transformation and can be over-expressed in a variety of solid tumors. There is preclinical and clinical data suggesting the role of EGFR and HER2 in urothelial carcinoma, thus prompting clinical investigation of anti-HER targeted therapies attempting to inhibit HER-induced tumor-promoting signaling. There is significant and dynamic cross-talk between HER and other signaling pathways and the identification of the structure and function of such cellular networks in the setting of urothelial cancer is a complex and difficult task. The development of prognos-tic and predictive biomarkers is needed in order to improve the personalized management of patients with urothelial cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-373
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Translational Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2011


  • Bladder cancer
  • EGFR
  • HER2
  • Human epidermal receptors
  • Trastuzumab
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research


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