Use of a multiplex PCR/sequencing strategy to detect both connexin 30 (GJB6) 342 kb deletion and connexin 26 (GJB2) mutations in cases of childhood deafness

Bai Lin Wu*, Margaret Kenna, Va Lip, Mira Irons, Orah Platt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hearing loss is a common congenital disorder that is frequently associated with mutations in the Cx26 gene (GJB2). Three recent reports that found a large deletion in another DFNB1 gene, Cx30 (GJB6), suggest that this defect may cause nonsyndromic recessive hearing loss through either a homozygous deletion of Cx30, or digenic inheritance of a Cx30 deletion and a Cx26 mutation in trans. We designed a simple diagnostic strategy with multiplex PCR followed by direct sequencing to allow for the simultaneous detection of Cx26 mutations and Cx30 deletions, and evaluated its effectiveness as a clinical genetic test by examining 200 DNA samples. In the 108 samples from deaf subjects, two digenic mutations were identified in Cx26 and Cx30 (E47X/342 kb deletion and 167delT/ 342 kb deletion); 69 had only Cx26 mutations (29 biallelic, 40 singleton), including two novel frameshift mutations 511-512insAACG and 358-360delAG; and 37 had no detectable mutation in either Cx26 or Cx30. Our deletion mapping suggested that the proximal breakpoint of all reported Cx30 large deletions are between the nucleotide 444 and 627 at the Cx30 coding region within a maximal interval of 78 or 184 bp. This simultaneous examination of Cx26 and Cx30 is a practical and efficient diagnostic approach for patients with nonsyndromic congenital deafness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume121 A
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Congenital hearing loss
  • Connexin 26 (GJB2)
  • Connexin 30 (GJB6)
  • Deafness
  • Digenic mutations
  • Molecular diagnostics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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