Use of an optical clearing agent during noninvasive laser coagulation of the canine vas deferens, ex vivo and in vivo

Christopher M. Cilip, Ashley E. Ross, Jonathan P. Jarow, Nathaniel M. Fried

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Development of a noninvasive vasectomy technique may eliminate male fear of complications and result in a more popular procedure. This study explores application of an optical clearing agent (OCA) to the scrotal skin to reduce both the laser power necessary for successful noninvasive laser vasectomy and the probability of scrotal skin burns. A mixture of DMSO/glycerol was noninvasively delivered into the scrotal skin using a Madajet. Near-infrared laser radiation with a range of average powers (7.0-11.7 W) was delivered in conjunction with a range of cryogen spray cooling rates (0.20-0.33 Hz) to the skin surface in a canine model, ex vivo and in vivo. Burst pressure (BP) measurements were conducted to quantify the strength of vas closure. A 30-min application of the OCA improved skin transparency by 26 ± 5 %, reducing the average power necessary for successful noninvasive laser vasectomy from 9.2 W without OCA (BP = 291 ± 31 mmHg) to 7.0 W with OCA (BP = 292 ± 19 mmHg). Control studies without OCA at 7.0 W failed to coagulate the vas with burst pressures (82 ± 28 mmHg) significantly below typical ejaculation pressures (136 ± 29 mmHg). Application of an optical clearing agent reduced the laser power necessary for successful noninvasive thermal coagulation of the vas by approximately 25%. This technique may result in the use of a less expensive laser system and eliminate the formation of scrotal skin burns during the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 23 2010Jan 25 2010

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume7548
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period1/23/101/25/10

Keywords

  • incision-less
  • laser
  • male sterilization
  • noninvasive
  • optical clearing agents
  • vasectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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