Use of and attitudes toward club drugs by medical students

Alex Horowitz*, Marc Galanter, Helen Dermatis, John E Franklin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study assesses medical students' use of and attitudes towards club drugs, classified as Generation I (i.e., cocaine and lysergic acid diethylamide), and Generation II (ie, methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA], ketamine, gamma hydroxybutyrate, methamphetamine, rohypnol, dextromethorphan) club drugs based on their initial widespread use in club settings. An anonymous questionnaire was administered to 340 medical students. The prevalence of any club drug use was 16.8%, with MDMA (11.8%) and cocaine (5.9%) the most commonly used. Results discussed also include the relationship of age and gender to having ever used club drugs and to their attitudes regarding use. Additionally, the study identifies differences in patterns of use and attitudes toward Generation I versus Generation II club drugs based on age, gender, and participants' prior club drug use. Findings are compared to those of earlier studies about medical students and those in a similar age group in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 19 2008


  • Attitudes
  • Club drug use
  • Medical students
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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