Use of quality improvement interventions and the link to performance on percutaneous intervention for acute myocardial infarction

Megan McHugh*, Raymond Kang, Alan B. Cohen, Joseph D. Restuccia, Usha Periyanayagam, Romana Hasnain-Wynia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Despite numerous calls for hospitals to employ quality improvement (QI) interventions to improve emergency department (ED) performance, their impact has not been explored in multi-site investigations. Objective We investigated the association between use of QI interventions (patient flow strategies, ED electronic dashboards, and five-level triage systems) and hospital performance on receipt of percutaneous intervention (PCI) within 90 min for acute myocardial infarction patients, a publicly available quality measure. Methods This was an exploratory, cross-sectional analysis of secondary data from 292 hospitals. Data were drawn from the Quality Improvement Activities Survey, the American Hospital Association's Annual Survey, and Hospital Compare. Linear regression models were used to detect differences in PCI performance scores based on whether hospitals employed one or more QI interventions. Results Fifty-three percent of hospitals reported widespread use of patient flow strategies, 62% reported using a dashboard, and 74% reported using a five-level triage system. Time to PCI performance scores were 3.5 percentage points higher (i.e., better) for hospitals that used patient flow strategies and 6.2 percentage points higher for hospitals that used a five-level triage system. Scores were 10.4 percentage points higher at hospitals that employed two quality improvement interventions and 12.8 percentage points higher at hospitals that employed three. Conclusion Employing QI interventions was associated with better PCI scores. More research is needed to explore the direction of this relationship, but results suggest that hospitals should consider adopting patient flow strategies, electronic dashboards, and five-level triage systems to improve PCI scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)744-750
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • PCI
  • health policy
  • performance measurement
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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