Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a widespread condition that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Recently, pulmonary venous (PV) isolation using radiofrequency ablation has been used successfully to exclude the pulmonary venous ostia, resulting in correction of AF. Further, miniaturized high-frequency ultrasound phased-array transducers currently provide Doppler and 2-dimensional imaging during the ablation procedure. We examined atrial function and its determinants using intracardiac echocardiography before and after PV isolation in 45 patients who had chronic AF (56 ± 11 years old). PV, left atrial (LA) appendage, and mitral and tricuspid flows were recorded. Recovery of booster pump function (defined by the presence of mitral inflow A wave, LA appendage a-wave, and PV A-reversal wave velocities >10 cm/s) was observed in 39 of 45 patients (86.6%). PV flow systolic wave before and after ablation correlated with the degree of LA booster pump function after PV isolation. An early systolic PV flow peak velocity >57.47 cm/s predicted "good" LA booster pump function recovery with 96% specificity. Diastolic LA appendage emptying in AF correlated (p <0.001) and predicted good LA booster pump function with 92% specificity for velocities >46.4 cm/s. Thus, monitoring LA function during PV isolation for chronic AF is feasible. Most patients recovered LA booster pump function immediately after PV isolation, and the degree of recovery correlated with LA reservoir function. Preserved reservoir function during AF is predictive of satisfactory recovery of booster pump function after PV isolation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine