Uses of Process Evaluation in the Maryland WIC 5-a-Day Promotion Program

Stephen Havas*, Jean Anliker, Dorothy Damron, Robert Feldman, Patricia Langenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Using a crossover design, the authors conducted a 6-month intervention program aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among women served by the Women, Infants, and Children program in Baltimore City and six Maryland counties. The theoretical framework for the interventions was the Transtheoretical Model of Change. At 2 months postintervention, mean daily consumption had increased significantly more in intervention participants than in control participants. Extensive process evaluation data were collected to assess the quantity and quality of program services delivered. These included participant nutrition session evaluation forms and attendance logs, focus groups of attenders and nonattenders of sessions, information about peer educators, and postintervention surveys. Many lessons were learned about program delivery, factors affecting attendance, and the obstacles to dietary change. Strategies to increase participants' consumption of fruits and vegetables were modified based on these lessons and the process evaluations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-263
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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