Using Mindfulness for the Treatment of Insomnia

Jason C. Ong*, Christine E. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: The goal of this review is to provide an update on the use of mindfulness meditation for the treatment of insomnia, including conceptual models and empirical evidence from randomized controlled trials. Recent findings: A metacognitive model of insomnia has been proposed as a conceptual model to explain the application of mindfulness principles for reducing insomnia-related arousal. Furthermore, the evidence base for mindfulness-based therapies has grown with the results of several randomized controlled trials published in the past 3 years. Treatment effects appear to be strongest on self-report measures compared to objective measures of sleep. Summary: Treatment programs featuring mindfulness meditation appear to be viable treatment options for people with insomnia. Further research is needed to determine who is likely to benefit from mindfulness-based therapies and how these interventions work. Additionally, further work is needed to resolve issues related to the delivery and implementation of mindfulness-based therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Sleep Medicine Reports
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cognitive therapy
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Insomnia
  • Meditation
  • Metacognitions
  • Mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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