Using Molecular Design to Enhance the Coherence Time of Quintet Multiexcitons Generated by Singlet Fission in Single Crystals

Robert M. Jacobberger, Yunfan Qiu, Malik L. Williams, Matthew D. Krzyaniak*, Michael R. Wasielewski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiexciton quintet states, 5(TT), photogenerated in organic semiconductors using singlet fission (SF), consist of four quantum entangled spins, promising to enable new applications in quantum information science. However, the factors that determine the spin coherence of these states remain underexplored. Here, we engineer the packing of tetracene molecules within single crystals of 5,12-bis(tricyclohexylsilylethynyl)tetracene (TCHS-tetracene) to demonstrate a 5(TT) state that exhibits promising spin qubit properties, including a coherence time, T2, = 3 μs at 10 K, a population lifetime, Tpop, = 130 μs at 5 K, and stability even at room temperature. The single-crystal platform also enables global alignment of the spins and, consequently, individual addressability of the spin-sublevel transitions. Decoherence mechanisms, including exciton diffusion, electronic dipolar coupling, and nuclear hyperfine interactions, are elucidated, providing design principles for increasing T2 and the operational temperature of 5(TT). By dynamically decoupling 5(TT) from the surrounding spin bath, T2 = 10 μs is achieved. These results demonstrate the viability of harnessing singlet fission to initiate multiple electron spins in a well-defined quantum state for next-generation molecular-based quantum technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2276-2283
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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