Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts

Clifton McFate*, Kenneth D Forbus, Thomas R Hinrichs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The naturalness of qualitative reasoning suggests that qualitative representations might be an important component of the semantics of natural language. Prior work showed that frame-based representations of qualitative process theory constructs could indeed be extracted from natural language texts. That technique relied on the parser recognizing specific syntactic constructions, which had limited coverage. This paper describes a new approach, using narrative function to represent the higher-order relationships between the constituents of a sentence and between sentences in a discourse. We outline how narrative function combined with query-driven abduction enables the same kinds of information to be extracted from natural language texts. Moreover, we also show how the same technique can be used to extract type-level qualitative representations from text, and used to improve performance in playing a strategy game.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence
PublisherAI Access Foundation
Pages373-379
Number of pages7
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9781577356776
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2014, 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, IAAI 2014 and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence, EAAI 2014 - Quebec City, Canada
Duration: Jul 27 2014Jul 31 2014

Other

Other28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2014, 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, IAAI 2014 and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence, EAAI 2014
CountryCanada
CityQuebec City
Period7/27/147/31/14

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Syntactics
Semantics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

McFate, C., Forbus, K. D., & Hinrichs, T. R. (2014). Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts. In Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence (Vol. 1, pp. 373-379). AI Access Foundation.
McFate, Clifton ; Forbus, Kenneth D ; Hinrichs, Thomas R. / Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts. Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 1 AI Access Foundation, 2014. pp. 373-379
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McFate, C, Forbus, KD & Hinrichs, TR 2014, Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts. in Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence. vol. 1, AI Access Foundation, pp. 373-379, 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2014, 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, IAAI 2014 and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence, EAAI 2014, Quebec City, Canada, 7/27/14.

Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts. / McFate, Clifton; Forbus, Kenneth D; Hinrichs, Thomas R.

Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 1 AI Access Foundation, 2014. p. 373-379.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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McFate C, Forbus KD, Hinrichs TR. Using narrative function to extract qualitative information from natural language texts. In Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 26th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference and the 5th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 1. AI Access Foundation. 2014. p. 373-379