Using resting-state intrinsic network connectivity to identify suicide risk in mood disorders

Jonathan P. Stange, Lisanne M. Jenkins, Stephanie Pocius, Kayla Kreutzer, Katie L. Bessette, Sophie R. Deldonno, Leah R. Kling, Runa Bhaumik, Robert C. Welsh, John G. Keilp, K. Luan Phan, Scott A. Langenecker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Little is known about the neural substrates of suicide risk in mood disorders. Improving the identification of biomarkers of suicide risk, as indicated by a history of suicide-related behavior (SB), could lead to more targeted treatments to reduce risk. Methods Participants were 18 young adults with a mood disorder with a history of SB (as indicated by endorsing a past suicide attempt), 60 with a mood disorder with a history of suicidal ideation (SI) but not SB, 52 with a mood disorder with no history of SI or SB (MD), and 82 healthy comparison participants (HC). Resting-state functional connectivity within and between intrinsic neural networks, including cognitive control network (CCN), salience and emotion network (SEN), and default mode network (DMN), was compared between groups. Results Several fronto-parietal regions (k > 57, p < 0.005) were identified in which individuals with SB demonstrated distinct patterns of connectivity within (in the CCN) and across networks (CCN-SEN and CCN-DMN). Connectivity with some of these same regions also distinguished the SB group when participants were re-scanned after 1-4 months. Extracted data defined SB group membership with good accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity (79-88%). Conclusions These results suggest that individuals with a history of SB in the context of mood disorders may show reliably distinct patterns of intrinsic network connectivity, even when compared to those with mood disorders without SB. Resting-state fMRI is a promising tool for identifying subtypes of patients with mood disorders who may be at risk for suicidal behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2324-2334
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume50
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Depression
  • fMRI
  • intrinsic networks
  • mood disorders
  • neural networks
  • neuroimaging
  • resting-state connectivity
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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